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cipher – Panini Linguistics Olympiad: Genes from Space


Problem:

Alien Protein Codes

Dr. Muzabique discovered the way to manipulate six alien proteins to do three capabilities: assemble, minimize, and pack. The alien genetic code used to control the proteins was discovered to have 6 “alphabet letters”: A, T, G, C, D, N. Only he knew the top-secret algorithm, and two weeks in the past, he was mysteriously discovered useless in his residence.

The top-secret mission is now in a fund crunch however the authorities decides to present it another likelihood if the algorithm might be decoded. They ship you the one web page that was recovered from Dr. Muzabique’s pocket book, with one set of enter directions and output genetic codes, and ask you to decode the algorithm:

“Today was a fantastic breakthrough! I discovered that enormous and small proteins inherently behave in numerous methods. The means they function beneath totally different mobile capabilities…”

Input Output
Celebi, assemble Articuno CNDATACACCNDTGTATTCGGGATGCNDTGCCCACCCCNNNCNDCTTTTCCACTNANCND
Articuno, assemble and minimize Terrakion CNDTGTATTCGGGATGCNDACTGCAGGGACTCCNDGCATGACATCNNNNNNCNDTGCCCACCC
Terrakion, assemble and pack Shaymin CNDACTGCAGGGACTCCNDCAGGCTCNDGCATGACATCNNNNANCNDCTTTTCCACTNNNCND
Cressela, assemble and minimize and pack Azelf CNDCCATATGATGCGACNDGTTGATCNDGCATGACATCNNNNANCNDTGCCCACCCCNANCND CTTTTCCACTNNNCND
Celebi, minimize Cressela CNDATACACCNDCCATATGATGCGACNDGCATGACATCNANNNNCNDCTTTTCCACTNANCND
Shaymin, pack and assemble Azelf CNDCAGGCTCNDGTTGATCNDTGCCCACCCCNANCND
Celebi, assemble and minimize and pack Cressela CNDATACACCNDCCATATGATGCGACND
Terrakion, pack Articuno CNDACTGCAGGGACTCCNDTGTATTCGGGATGCNDCTTTTCCACTNNNCND

Assignment:

Preserve the legacy of Dr. Muzabique! Explain how the algorithm converts enter instructions into output genetic codes.

The Request

Could somebody please examine to see if my answer under is right? Thank you!

My Solution

Sections of the gene sequence are separated by the codon CND, like under:

enter image description here

The underlined components are the proteins concerned. The first underlined half is the protein doing the motion(the primary protein talked about) whereas the second underlined half is the protein being acted upon(the second protein talked about). I’ve color-coded the underlined components to distinguish between proteins.

The different sections are the actions achieved. As hinted in Dr. Muzabique’s pocket book, the size of the underlined protein sequences impacts the motion sequences. If the primary protein(the performing protein) is lengthy, then the motion sequences will symbolize the actions within the command. If the performing protein is brief, then the motion sequences will symbolize the actions not within the command.

The motion sequences additionally appear to finish in both NNN or NAN, or a sequence of the 2. I’ll name these sequences “penguins”(as a result of why not) and the opposite a part of an motion sequence the polar bears. This half appears to depend upon the dimensions of the proteins. The third gene output provides us the important thing between the actions and the polar bears. For the motion sequence for establishing(the polar bear is GCATGACATC), plainly it has N_NN_N because the penguin. It additionally looks like the blanks symbolize the primary and second protein lengths, so as, the place it’s A if the protein is brief and N if the protein is lengthy. For the motion sequence for chopping(polar bear: TGCCCACCCC) the penguin is N_N, and is dependent upon the second protein: whether it is quick then the clean is A, whether it is lengthy then the clean is N. For packing(polar bear: CTTTTCCACT) it’s just like the chopping penguin besides it is dependent upon the primary protein.

Problem photos: (1), (2)

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